Tag - constipation

Euonymus atropurpureus


Euonymus atropurpureus Part Used: Root bark. Constituents: Cardenolides based on digitoxigenin Alkaloids such as asparagine & atropurpurine Sterols; euonysterol, atropurpurol, homoeuonysterol Actions: Cholagogue, hepatic, laxative, diuretic...

Rheum palmatum

Rhubarb Root

Rheum palmatum Part Used: Rhizome of Rheum palmatum and other species, not the garden rhubarb. Constituents: Anthraquinone derivatives such as chrysophanic acid (=chrysophanol),emodin, aloe-emodin, rhein & physcion, with their O-glycosides such...

Cassia angustifolia


Cassia angustifolia & Cassia senna Part Used: Dried fruit pods, and leaves. Constituents: Anthraquinone glycosides: in the leaf; sennosidesA and B based on the aglycones sennidin A & B, sennosides C & D which are glycosides of...


Scrophularia nodosa Scrophulariaceae Names: Rosenoble, Throatwort, Carpenter’s Square, Scrofula Plant. Habitat: A European and British wild plant. Collection: The stalks and leaves are gathered during flowering betweenJune and August. Part...

Rhamnus purshiana

Cascara Sagrada

Rhamnus purshiana Rhamnaceae Names: Sacred Bark, Chittem Bark, Cascara. Habitat: Native to the Pacific Coast of North America. Collection: The bark is stripped from the trunk of this tree in the spring and summer and left to age for a few years. Due...


Cherimoya (Annona cherimola), also known as “Custard apple” is native to the tropics of South America. Its genus name is from an ancient Incan word, annona and means “year’s harvest.” It is a member of the Anonaceae...

Woman in anal pain

Anal Fissures

Q I’ve been experiencing pain after going to the toilet, and I’ve also noticed blood on the toilet paper. A friend thinks I could have anal fissures. Can you tell me what these are, and how they might be treated? - MS, Huddersfield

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