* Choose ‘fine-needle aspiration’ performed under ultrasound; it is thought to carry the least risks (Acta Cytol, 1995; 39: 449-52)
Endoscopy, the diagnostic test, is killing one in 2,000 patients. This alarming situation has come to light only because a special audit has been carried out to look into the longer-term effects o ...
Doctors can easily detect Helicobacter pylori, the bug responsible for most ulcers, with a simple breath test without resorting to endoscopy which, for many patients, is a distressing experience.
* Lung: PET scans are just as accurate as biopsies, with no significant health risks (Appl Radiol, 2003; 32: 9-17).
* Breast: MRI has variable accuracy (60-100 per cent)
A new type of X-ray scan already being widely used to test for osteoporosis is proving to be very unreliable, doctors in London and Cambridge have discovered. ...
Another flaw in the triple test for pregnant women seems to have been uncovered - it doesn't work too well on Asian women. The test is designed to detect Down's syndrome in the unborn fetus, and comprises ultrasound, serum screening and...
What’s it for?
The human brain and spinal cord are surrounded by a watery fluid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). It protects the brain and spine by acting as a shock absorber,
Since food, in the main, is no longer very nutritional, your only recourse is to supplement with vitamins and minerals. However, there are certain caveats
In 1997, my therapist told me that my leaking amalgam fillings were the reason I felt so poorly. I found it hard to believe that the NHS would use mercury, which is classed as toxic waste,
There are no real alternatives to lumbar puncture, and few guidelines as to who should and should not have this procedure. It is contraindicated in brain oedema or swelling