BACK PAIN TREATMENTS AT A GLANCE


Risk factors for chronic back pain:


Previous history of low back pain


Radiating leg pain


Signs of nerve root involvement


Vascular problems


Reduced straight leg raising


Reduced trunk muscle strength and endurance


Poor physical fitness


Heavy smoking


Low job satisfaction


Psychological distress, especially depressive symptoms


Heavy physical work at home or in job


Birth (or surgical procedure) under epidural anaesthesia


Most effective treatments:


Staying active


Spinal manipulation


Possibly effective treatments:


Acupuncture


Biofeedback


Group education


Hypnosis


Least effective treatments:


Bed rest


Routine analgesics


Antidepressants


Opioid analgesics


Traction


Transcutaneous electrical nerve


stimulation (TENS):


Corsets


Trigger point and ligament injections


Epidural injections

Invalid OAuth access token.
What Doctors Don't Tell You Written by What Doctors Don't Tell You

We Humbly Recommend