Over-the-counter products containing lidocaine or benzocaine, such as Anbesol, Orajel, and Campho-Phenique, can be used topically to provide temporary relief for toothache. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as Tylenol are also helpful. Do not rub aspirin or other analgesics on the gums. These contain strong acids and may burn the gum tissues. A small piece of cotton saturated with clove oil and placed on the tooth will give temporary relief. Avoid sweets and hot and cold foods.
CAVITIES (DENTAL CARIES)
A cavity or tooth decay is a bacterial disease that affects all the structures or layers of the tooth. Tooth decay is very much influenced by lifestyle-specifically one’s family and social environment. In Western society, cavities are the most common human disorder.
When the environment in the mouth becomes too acidic, calcium and phosphate ions are lost from the enamel crystals that constitute the surface layer of the tooth. If the acidity level remains, bacteria, especially Streptococcus mutans, and other organisms produce toxins from ingested sugars. These toxins form a sticky mass that allows food debris and bacteria (plaque) to stick to the tooth surface. The plaque acts as a direct application of acid to the teeth, further demineralizing the enamel and leading to cavities. The chances for cavity formation increase with increasing consumption of carbohydrates. Similarly, the more refined the carbohydrates in your diet, the greater the chances for cavity formation.
If the loss of minerals continues, the tooth surface begins to disintegrate and the cavity becomes deeper. If the loss of minerals ceases and new minerals are deposited, then the cavity stops growing and somewhat reverses. However, this reversal occurs only at the surface layer or enamel of the tooth. Once the bacteria have reached the dentin, or inner layer, the cavity usually continues to grow.
Cavities are more prone to develop in pits on top of the back teeth, in between the teeth, and near the gum area where the bristles of a toothbrush cannot reach. Soft root surfaces, exposed when gums have receded, develop cavities that spread to other surfaces of the tooth.
The rate at which a cavity progresses depends on the bacteria involved and the
body’s resistance to disease. This is true for disease in any part of the body, but resistance to dental disease also depends on heredity, diet, hygiene, fluoride content of teeth, and general dental health.
The first sign of a cavity is a white spot. Depending on the factors listed above, it will stay like this or progress to a brown color.
The dentist uses a tool called an explorer (see Figure 3.6 on page 174) and x-rays to determine the extent and depth of the cavity. Usually, if the spot is in the tooth’s enamel, no treatment is needed. If the spot has extended into dentin, which will be evident on the x-ray, treatment is required. Treatment depends on the size and depth of the cavity. A small cavity can be filled. Filling materials can be amalgam, composite resins, porcelain, or gold. (For detailed information on treatment for cavities, see Filling a Cavity in Part Three.)
|Supplement||Directions for Use||Comments|
|Calcium||Take 1500 mg daily.||An important component of strong, healthy teeth.|
|Magnesium||Take 750 mg daily.||Works along with calcium to maintain healthy teeth.|
|Zinc||Take 30 mg daily.||Influences growth, Immune function, and healing.|
When using tablets, dissolve them under your tongue. When using liquid, place the drops directly on your tongue. (Because of their alcohol base, liquid homeopathic preparations should not be given to children. Tablets, which have a sweet milk sugar base and can be dissolved in the mouth, are excellent for children.) Do not eat or drink for fifteen minutes prior to or after taking medication. (See Part One, Homeopathy, for additional information.)
|Preparation||Directions for Use||Comments|
|Arnica 30x||Take 1 tablet every 15 minutes as needed.||Helps relieve toothache pain that is worse at night.|
|Chamomilla 30x||Take 1 tablet hourly as needed.||Indicated for toothache that is worse in response to heat.|
|Hypericum 30x||Take 1 tablet 3 times daily.||Take immediately after treatment to promote nerve healing and prevent pain.|
|Mercurius solubilis 30X||Take 1 tablet 3 times daily.||To remove any residue of mercury in mouth, begin taking the preparation on the day of the treatment, and continue for 4 days.|
|Plantago major (tincture)||Take 5 drops hourly as needed.||Use when toothache is more sensitive to cold.|
|Herb||Directions for Use||Comments|
|Chamomoile||Prepare as a tea. Drink 2-3 cups daily or use as a mouthwash.||Tea promotes relaxation; mouthwash eases sore teeth and gums after a cavity is filled.|
|Clove oil||Place on cotton-tipped swab and rub on tooth.||Helps relieve tooth pain.|
- Take no more than 2000 mg of vitamin C on the day of treatment. Excessive amounts of the vitamin decrease the effectiveness of oral anesthetics.
- For best results, it is recommended to use the same filling material (if the material has a metal component) for all of the cavities in your mouth. Some studies show that a galvanic reaction or battery effect may result when different metals are placed in the mouth. Currents are generated from a metal when it contacts saliva; this effect is compounded when different metals, such as those from gold fillings and amalgam fillings, are present in the same mouth. Some experience this effect as a shock when a fork touches a particular filling. However, nonmetallic filling materials, such as porcelain and composite resins, can be used in conjunction with metal fillings without causing a galvanic reaction.
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women should have cavities filled only in an emergency. Dental anesthetics cross the placental barrier, and x-rays, stress, and trauma experienced during a dental visit may affect the unborn baby. It is generally safest to have teeth filled during the fourth through seventh months of pregnancy. The most hazardous times are the first and last trimesters, when the baby is at the most crucial stages of its development
From The Complete Book of Dental Remedies by Flora Parsa Stay, DDS , ©1996. Published by Avery Publishing, New York. For personal use only; neither the digital nor printed copy may be copied or sold. Reproduced by permission.