Names: Common Thyme, Garden Thyme
Habitat: Thyme is indigenous to the Mediterranean region,
and cultivated widely..
Collection: The flowering branches should be collected
between June and August on a dry sunny day. The leaves are stripped
off the dried branches.
Part Used: Leaves and flowering tops.
- Volatile oil, of highly variable composition; the major constituent
is thymol, with lesser amounts of carvacrol, with l, 8-cineole,
borneol, geraniol, linalool, bornyl and linalyl acetate, thymol
methyl etherand [[alpha]]-pinene.
- Flavonoids; apigenin, luteolin, thymonin, naringenin and others
- Miscellaneous; labiatic acid, caffeic acid, tannins etc.
Actions: Carminative, anti-microbial, anti-spasmodic,
expectorant, astringent, anthelmintic.
Indications: With its high content of volatile oil, Thyme
makes a good carminative for use in dyspepsia and sluggish
digestion. This oil is also a strongly antiseptic substance,
which explains many of Thyme’s uses. It can be used externally
as a lotion for infected wounds, but also internally for
respiratory and digestive infections. It may be use as a gargle in
laryngitis and tonsillitis, easing sore throats
and soothing irritable coughs. It is an excellent cough
remedy, producing expectoration and reducing unnecessary spasm.
It may be used in bronchitis, whooping cough and
asthma. As a gentle astringent it has found use in childhood
diarrhea and bed wetting.
Kings’ Dispensatory describes it thus: “Thyme is tonic,
carminative emmenagogue and anti-spasmodic. The cold infusion is
useful in dyspepsia, with weak and irritable stomach and
as a stimulating tonic in convalescence from exhausting
diseases. The warm infusion is beneficial in hysteria, dysmenorrhea,
flatulence, colic, headache, and to promote
perspiration. Occasionally the leaves have been used externally,
in fomentation. The oil is valuable as a local application to neuralgic
and rheumatic pains; and, internally, to fulfill any of the
indications for which the plant is used. Dose of the infusion,
from 1 to 3 fluid ounces; of the oil, from 2 to 10 drops on sugar,
or in emulsion. Thyme, skullcap and rue of each 2 ounces; peony
and black cohosh, of each, 1 ounce; macerated for 14 days in diluted
alcohol, and then filtered, forms a good preparation for nervous
and spasmodic diseases of children. It may be given in teaspoonful
doses to a child 3 years old, repeating it 3 or 4 times a day,
sweetening and diluting it, if desired. A strong infusion of the
Thymusserpyllus, slightly sweetened and mixed with gum
Arabic, is stated by M. Joset to be a valuable remedy for whooping-cough,
convulsive and catarrhal coughs and stridulous sore throat,
the favorable result occurring at the end of a very few days. It
may be taken ad libitum.”
Combinations: For asthmatic problems it will combine well
with Lobelia and Ephedra, adding its anti-microbial effect. For
whooping cough use it with Wild Cherry and Sundew.
Preparations & Dosage: Infusion: pour a cup of boiling
water onto 2 teaspoonfuls of the dried herb and let infuse for
l0 minutes. This should be drunk three times a day. Tincture: take
2-4ml of the tincture three times a day